At Agora International School Andorra we offer you different alternatives to continue practising on fine motor skills from home.
As time goes by, children will acquire skills, the result of their development, which will allow them to adapt as much as possible to this world and become totally independent of their attachments. We are talking about mental skills, but also physical ones: they will learn to eat on their own, to walk, to grasp things with their own little hands or to move freely. One of the best known of these is fine motor skills.
Although it is something that the child will develop by its own nature, the training of these skills will be reflected in the mastery and precision of the movements involved, giving the child autonomy and security in the performance of daily activities and thus achieving the correct development of its independence.
At Agora International School Andorra we know how important it is to stimulate children’s development in Infant Education and, for this reason, we give them the opportunity to learn through play and experiment with different motor skills. Although we work in the classroom, we identify ourselves with maintaining a close relationship between home and school, so, as a result of this close collaboration between parents and our school, we would like to offer you a series of very simple guidelines and activities to stimulate your children’s fine motor skills at home.
What is fine motor skills?
Before going on to define some of the activities, it is useful to discuss some of the defining characteristics of fine motor skills, as well as some important points about why they should be developed at home and at school.
Fine motor skills refer to those movements made with any part of the body that require precision, dexterity and skill, especially in the hands and arms. “It is the coordination of muscles, bones and nerves to produce small, precise movements,” says the MedlinePlus website.
To understand it with an example, we will say that fine psychomotor skills are the movements made when writing, when working on graphomotor skills, those made when picking something up from the floor with the hands, when opening or closing a bottle or those made by children when they play with playdough.
In contrast to fine psychomotor skills, we find gross psychomotor skills: those involving large movements made with the hands, arms or legs, for example. Thus, jumping, walking, crawling, climbing, laughing or standing are some of the skills included in this second group.
Although each child will develop their fine motor skills at a different speed, due to the morphological differences in each one, it is true that it is advisable to start working on them from the age of three, as it is between this age and six that development is at its peak.
Activities to work on fine motor skills at home
As we said before, at Agora International School Andorra we place great importance on developing these and other skills. However, you can continue to work on them at home with the help of these simple activities proposed by experts:
- Baby Radio proposes a fun game: transferring seeds of different sizes from one container to another. This activity, designed for children aged three and over, will be perfect for stimulating the function of tonging with the fingers.
- Of course, leaving a pile of painting and writing materials in front of the child will be the best activity to work on the art of picking up a pencil, writing and drawing. Even if at first they only paint lines and don’t have much control, this simple activity will stimulate their little fingers and their hand-eye function, the other great friend of fine motor skills.
- Playdough, your great ally: apart from improving creativity, concentration and effort capacity, playdough is perfect for fine motor skills. Through experimentation and stimulation with this material, they will be able to work on the strength and precision of their hands, fingers and arms. For example, you can ask them to make small balls and pass them from one place to another or to form a snail by rolling up long strips.
- Pop-it. Do you know the toy called ‘Pop It’? It’s nothing more than a toy with different shapes that, like an ice bucket or egg cup, has little lumps that can be squeezed. It’s great for working on fine motor skills: either by squashing the little silicone lumps or by asking the little one to help us fill them all with little balls of paper using tweezers.
- Puzzles are also included in this selection of activities. Picking up and moving the pieces of the puzzle helps to work on the pincer grasp, as well as developing hand-eye coordination.
- Cutting without stopping. Scissors also help improve hand-eye coordination and concentration. So, even if your child is not very skilled at cutting along the established edge, he or she will gradually gain it.